What is Skin Barrier? How does it work?
The skin is composed of multiple layers and the skin barrier is the outer layer. There are 2 functions of the barrier skin. They are as follows –
- To provide natural oil to the skin. Also, nourish and moisturize them.
- To protect the skins from environmental pollutants.
When the skin barrier is damaged, it causes dullness and flakiness to the skin.
What damages the skin barrier?
The skin barrier gets damaged when the lipids break down. Lipid is responsible for moisturising and nourishing the skin. Several factors can lead to the damaging of the skin barrier and some of them are – genetics, ageing and environment. Although these factors are beyond our control. Yet, some factors can be controlled. Some of them are as follows:-
Hot or cold water damages the skin cells
Always use lukewarm water. When the water is too cold, it will not remove the dust and germ of the body. If it is too hot, then it harms the natural oil of the skin.
When you exfoliate excessively, your skin becomes red, dry and flaky. The dermatologist advises exfoliating the skin 2 to 3 times a week.
Applying many active ingredients
Retinol, AHA and acne cream is undoubtedly good for your skin. However, one must be cautious of the amount of usage of these products. These products contain highly concentrated active ingredients. So, overapplying with these products lead to irritation to the skin. It is advisable to try these products gradually. Try applying it 2-3 times a week or alternatively. Also, consult a dermatologist before applying these products
The UV rays are strong enough to break the lipids. So, apply sunscreen before you go out.
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Lack of sleep
It often happens that lack of sleep leads to weakening of the lipids. Consequently, leading to damage of skin barrier.
11 signs of the damaged skin barrier
- Dry Skin
- Discolouration of the skin
- Infection (bacterial, viral or fungal)
How can you protect your skin barrier?
We can heal the damaged skin barrier with oils that are rich in antioxidants such as sunflower oil and Safflower oil. It is advisable to not use fragrance oil as it can irritate the skin. Especially if it is mint or citrus oil. The product that contains ingredients such as Panthenol ( derivative of Vitamin B-5 derivative) is used as a lubricator. Also, products with ingredients such as Niacinamide and ceramide replenish the skin barrier.
When your skin has enough moisture, it protects the skin barrier and also keeps the skin glowing. Use creams and lotions that have moisture providing ingredients such as glycerin, sorbitol and hyaluronic acid. Hyaluronic acid increases the production of collagen in the skin that reduces fine lines and wrinkles. Moreover, it provides elasticity to the skin and makes us look young.
Many skincare products have a chemical that is harsh to the skin. In addition to that, over-exfoliation and retinol lead to skin conditions such as rosacea and eczema. To prevent these kinds of conditions, one must avoid these skin products. Also, skin products such as anti-acne cream and anti-ageing cream lead to inflammation of the skin. You can reduce the usage of these products. It is advisable to not use cleanser and toner with an astringent as they are harmful to your skin. Colloidal Oatmeal is a better alternative due to its calming effect on the skin.
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We all know that UV radiation is harmful to the skin. It is so harmful that it can cause skin cancer. So, one must apply sunscreen before stepping out of the sun. Also, avoid getting exposed to the sunlight during the afternoon. This is the time when sunlight gives more of these kinds of radiation. Wear sunscreen with high SPF. Higher SPF sunscreen works better and lasts longer than the lower ones. It would be better to use sunscreen that is rich in antioxidants. Antioxidants are good for your skin and give glowy looks to your skin.
Intake of a rich diet
The kind of food we consume reflects on our bodies. The dermatologist suggests including supplements such as essential fatty acid or Omega- 3 oil. These supplement increases the production of collagen in our body which makes our skin look healthy and glowy.
By balancing skin Ph
Ingredients such as sodium lauryl sulfate and salicylic acid are enemies to your skin. These ingredients cause redness, dryness and irritation. Not only that, they mess up the Ph level of your skin and also strip away the natural oil of the skin. So, whenever you are looking for a skin product always check these ingredients.
When our body is under stress, it produces a hormone called cortisol. Cortisol is not good for your body as it leads to many diseases in the body. When our body is filled with cortisol, we are more susceptible to diseases and our skin does not look healthy. So, make a habit of meditation and manage your stress levels. After all, a healthy mind keeps a healthy body.Please share and like: